This website has some interesting information about curly dock…. The laxative properties of curley dock stimulate intestinal transit and facilitate bowel movements. amzn_assoc_design = "in_content";
It grows quite tall, with many reaching about six feet in height. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0";
This morning I tried making some curly dock seed flour for some waffles. The medicinal properties of curly dock lies in its roots, and has made it a valued herb for treating various ailments. So do I! Intestinal infections … The Blackfoot used the mashed root pulp as a poultice for sores and swellings. This post is not intended as a identification guide and you should use a reliable source to identify wild foods before consuming. You will not pay any extra when you purchase products through these links, but I will receive a small commission. Other Common Names: Chin-ch’iao-mai, curled dock, curly dock, garden patience, narrow dock, parell, patience herb, sour dock. Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a plant in the buckwheat family. Cooked. Finally, Gather Victoria has a decadent looking Double Chocolate Curly Dock Seed Cake. Other conditions sometimes treated with yellow dock include: 1. Senna and tamarind also possess laxative properties, whereas aloe and nettle can be used as alternative sources for anti-inflammatory benefits as well. is not responsible for the accuracy of the information. Habitat: Yellow dock is indigenous to Europe and parts of Africa, but like many medicinal herbs it has been carried beyond its native borders by travelers. The young leaves are good chopped and added to salads. Curly dock is a native of Europe, but today it occurs worldwide: above the Arctic Circle and on all continents. Yellow dock has the “crisp” leaves with curly edges. Uses. Curly dock is considered an aggressive weed, and is now one of the most widely distributed plants in North America, as well as globally. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual";
Cow slips aren’t plentiful in our area, so I leave them and harvest curly dock as an alternative…and I savor the flavor in spring! Broad leaf dock is similar to curly dock in its growth habit (taproot, mucilaginous) but its leaves lack the highly wavy margin of curly dock. It can propagate in full sun or semi-shade, and it usually grows directly from seed. This remedy is made by macerating the crushed parts of curly dock with vodka or a neutral alcohol. On the other hand, the flavonoids contained in curly dock possess a strong antioxidant ability, which helps protect cells from free radicals, thus preventing age-related diseases and relieving inflammation. Also called yellow dock, the yellow root helps to increase bile production which is also yellow in color. If you want to learn homesteading skills, like raising chickens and preserving the harvest for winter, you’ve come to the right place. Curly Dock looks just what it sounds like; the leaves are narrow and curl along the edges, they are about 15 to 30cm long and get shorter and smaller as they grow closer to the top of the plant. Thanks for sharing so much great information. Traditionally, curly dock roots were used as a remedy for internal parasites and skin conditions, and new research points to even wider use. One of its primary uses by herbalists is for skin conditions associated with poor digestion, poor liver function or "toxicity." I was wondering what to do with all the curly dock in my pasture! We do cook dishes with Curly dock; using onion, rice or whole weat, graunded beef, salt, black pepper, chily pepper and olive oil. Curly Dock Control. If you catch dock too late, it will send up a flower stalk that can grow to 3 feet high. The leaf stalks are used in salads. My grandparents took me ‘cow slipping’ in early spring as a kid. I’d like to try it someday. amzn_assoc_title = "Be sure to identify plants correctly with a handy guide...";
. Of course, you are farther south than I am so you might be right about the leaves being too big! Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Curly dock contains oxalic acid which gives it a tart flavor and locks up nutrients in your digestive system if consumed in quantities. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "theselfsuffic-20";
Me too! Although it prefers slightly moist soils, it can tolerate dry rocky or sandy soils as well. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon";
Rumex crispus is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.6 m (2ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in). Curly dock (Rumex crispus) is a perennial native to Europe, Asia and parts of Africa. Curled dock goes by many names, including curly dock and yellow dock, and many closely related species of the Rumex genus are found around the globe.Herbalists use many of these species similarly, although the taste of the greens varies from species to species. The leaves can be eaten as a side or added to soups. The dried roots are available year round in most herbal shops and specialty grocery stores. Wash thoroughly and use leaves raw in salads or in place of lettuce on a sandwich. The astringent, laxative, and antioxidant properties of curly dock have made it a useful herb with many medicinal qualities: Relieving constipation. Rumex spp., commonly known as broadleaf dock, cushy-cows, butterdock, kettle dock, curly dock and smair dock, is a species of flowering plant in a buckwheat family Polygonaceae. Curly dock should not be consumed by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Curly dock leaves are a bit sour when raw, and they turn bitter as they mature. I have actually used the medium aged leaves too and cooked them like spinach. In its native range, different parts of curly dock are used as food and/or medicine. This plant has medical uses in European herbal medicine as well. Curley dock has compounds that are able to reduce swelling and pain, as well as soothing skin ailments, such as nettle stings, eczema, and boils. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Yellow dock is thought to benefit the digestive tract, liver, and skin and to treat inflamed nasal passages. Rumex triangulivalvis – White dock, willow dock or narrow-leafed dock is identified by it’s long, flat, narrow leaves that vaguely resemble willow leaves in shape (only much larger). It has not been evaluated by the FDA. This makes curly dock one of the easier plants for beginners to identify. It is toxic to livestock, although they tend to avoid the bitter leaves and would have to eat quite a bit to be poisoned. A curly dock plant produces around 40,000 seeds per year, and they can lay dormant for up to 50 years. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. Hi Caylea, The leaves can also be steamed like spinach, and served lightly seasoned, ideally mixed with other greens or … Moreover, the whole plant can be used for vascular disorders and internal bleeding. It has a slender, erect stem that grows to about 3 feet (90 cm) in height. This relative of rhubarb is a hardy herbaceous perennial weed native to Europe that has naturalized in the US. Thank you for the information! Curly dock, a perennial broadleaf plant, usually grows in wet areas and is frequently associated with overwatering or standing water in low areas. I spent several hours yesterday harvesting, cleaning, chopping, and blanching curly dock and stinging nettles for lunch, dinner, and for freezing. Leave a comment! . This page contains affiliate links. Yellow dock herbs have been used for centuries, valued for their medicinal and nutritional qualities. (See previous blog post, link.) Since your livestock can’t eat it…you may as well make good use of it. In the first year, it just sends up leaves from the root, it spends the year gathering sunlight and storing the energy in the root. Infusion. It has one main stalk, and … Broad Leaf Dock. As the season progresses it sends up a flower stalk that looks similar to rhubarb flowers. ©Copyright 2020. Lisa grew up on a farm and has continued learning about horticulture, animal husbandry, and home food preservation ever since.
The sour stems provide a tasty trail nibble. I started this blog to share my adventures in homesteading and self-sufficiency. The cooling properties were also used to soothe insect bites and stings, as well as scalds, blisters and sprains.REF They were a popular remedy for staunching bleeding or for purifying the blood.REF The juice from the leaves can be applied as a compress to heal bruises.REF The seeds have been used to treat coughs, colds and bronchitis, and the roots used as a remedy for jaundice, liver problems, skin ail… Ointment. Curly dock leaves are a bit sour when raw, and they turn bitter as they mature. They were easy to harvest - almost impossible to winnow since the seeds were so small. It is a gentle and safe laxative, less powerful than rhubarb in its action so it is particularly useful in the treatment of mild constipation. amzn_assoc_asins = "0976626608,1615648895";
The dried roots of the herb can be prepared as an herbal tea, which is prescribed by herbalists for treating rheumatism, liver problems, and sore throat. Curly dock or yellow dock (Rumex crispus) has an ancient history as a powerful purifying, cleansing herb, used to help healing a wide range of skin conditions and other chronic illnesses that can benefit from a depurative herb.All parts of the plant can be used but the strongest properties are found in the roots. I just don’t eat a big plateful to avoid overdoing it. These tasty greens will be much appreciated in the winter while the garden and wild areas sleep under a blanket of snow. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon";
narrowleaf dock. The leaves can also be steamed like spinach, and served lightly seasoned, ideally mixed with other greens or … The leaves are famously used to soothe nettle stings and often grow nearby the offending plant. Curly dock was first described by the Swedish botanist and explorer Peter Kalm in 1749 and Linnaeus gave it its scientific name few years later. Tincture. We have quite of few dock species, many of them preferring wet soil. The leaves of curley dock are rich in quercetin and myricetin, both powerful flavonoids with antioxidant, anti-inflammatory properties. Curly dock is characterized by its distinctive pointed green leaves with curled edges; pale green, drooping flowers; and reddish-brown winged fruit. In medicinal preparations, curly dock is typically taken in combination with other herbs, like dandelion root or burdock root. Thank you, Kathi! curly dock. (I’m not always home at lunchtime, but I got home just in time yesterday when Lisa was working on this.). Curly dock is primarily used for its extensive medicinal purposes; however, it is sometimes consumed for culinary purposes. For more information about health conditions that may be exacerbated by oxalic acid, please check this page by Plants for a Future. ROUND-LEAVED DOCK Botanical: Rumex obtusifolius---Synonyms---Common Wayside Dock.Butter Dock. amzn_assoc_linkid = "cb7ce61c68c9eb3df3234d89c728f6b1";
---Description---It is a large and spreading plant, its stout stems 2 to 3 feet high, the leaves 6 to 12 inches long, with rather slender foot-stalks, the margins waved and the end or apex of the leaf rounded.The flowers are small, green and numerous, arranged in whorled spikes at the ends of the stem. Awesome post Lisa, I found it very educational. While quercetin also offer antihistaminic properties, myricetin, which is particularly abundant in curley dock, exhibit hypoglycemic and antiviral effects. Mature seeds may be harvested and used to grind flour, although this is a time consuming task. It is native to Europe which is now available in United States, Australia, New Zealand and others. I can attest that the curly dock omelet was very tasty! It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. It is also thought to be helpful for rheumatism and disorders such as scurvy and scrofula. Thank you for the information. Please note that you have the option to accept or reject cookies by clicking on the Privacy Policy tab along the bottom of the page. Hi there! This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Do you know why it is not advised for pregnant women? This plant also produces flowers that are mostly green with a potential hint of … On the other hand, the name of curley dock's genus, crispus, is the Latin word for "curled, curved, or wavy.". yellow dock. I’m Lisa Lynn and this is The Self Sufficient HomeAcre. The plant produces an inflorescence or flower stalk that grows to about 1 m high. It needs to be diluted in water before being consumed in order to treat jaundice and scurvy. The branched taproots are yellow in color and may be harvested. Additionally, the leaves of curly dock contain soluble oxalates that can be toxic if consumed in large amounts or if not cooked properly. This perennial herb, which is often considered to be a weed, grows wild in many areas of North America. The leaves in my field are probably too big already to try this year. You are responsible for your own health and well being! Have you foraged for curly dock? Look for it along roadsides, ditches, edges of wooded areas, and in fields. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual";
Even as a picky kid I learned to enjoy the flavor. Curly dock leaves are  rich in vitamins C and A, and offer a bitter, lemony taste. I have read differing opinions on this. Rumex crispus, the curly dock, curled dock or yellow dock, is a perennial flowering plant in the family Polygonaceae, native to Europe and Western Asia. I have curly dock growing in abundance; the only use I’d ever heard of was grinding the seeds for flour, something I’ve never tried. Curly dock is technically considered a weed in over 40 countries, so there is no substantial information about its economic value. , Age Estimates for the Buckwheat Family Polygonaceae Based on Sequence Data Calibrated by Fossils and with a Focus on the Amphi-Pacific Muehlenbeckia, 2013, , UC Davis Agriculture & Natural Resources: Curly Dock, , Curly Dock: Ohio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide, , Hydrolytical instability of hydroxyanthraquinone glycosides in pressurized liquid extraction, 2014. The dried fruit stalks have been used in flower arrangements and holiday wreaths. The lance shaped leaves grow in a basal rosette and have ruffled, or ‘curly’ edges, often with a reddish tinge. Chop into hummus or sour cream dip for a ‘lemony’ flavor. DISCLAIMER: Information provided for educational purposes only. Plant Story--Curly Dock, Uses and Folklore Curly dock, also called yellow dock, Rumex crispus, is a sturdy plant in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae, native to Eurasia and now found all over the world. Curly dock inhabits agricultural land and other disturbed areas. While it has traditionally been used for medicinal purposes, I prefer to use it in cocktail bitters. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. A decoction of the herb can be boiled with honey or cane sugar until it takes a thick consistency. I’m glad you are willing to eat the wild foods I cook . In medicinal preparations, curly dock is typically taken in combination with other herbs, like dandelion root or burdock root. Curly dock is good forage for humans, though such is not the case for livestock. She has earned an Associate of Applied Science in Horticulture and a Bachelor of Fine Arts. Cook up a “mess ‘o greens” in boiling water and drizzle with vinegar like we did when I was a kid. Curly dock's anthraquinones stimulate the areas in the brain that are responsible for regulating peristalsis - the movement of the intestines - giving the herb a laxative action, which makes it beneficial for relieving constipation. Do you want to be more self-reliant? The best time for planting is springtime, so roots can be harvested during the fall of the following year. Curly dock (also known as yellow dock, sour dock, and butter dock, as well as other names) is one of the first wild greens ready to harvest in spring. Sign up for Honest-to-Goodness Homesteading Information and get my new eBook 'Secrets to a Weed & Pest Free Homestead' for FREE! The Beginner’s Guide to Backyard Homesteading. This relative of rhubarb is a hardy herbaceous perennial weed native to Europe that has naturalized in the US. Another foraging goal of mine is to harvest some and at least give them a try. Also known as curly dock, yellow dock (Rumex crispus) is a member of the buckwheat family. Curly dock is found virtually everywhere in the world, naturalized and in some places invasive. Scurvy 3. This site earns income from advertising and affiliate sales. We don’t have enough growing in our area to collect the quantity of seeds needed to make flour.
Published: April 13, 2015. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Medicinal Aspects of Curly Dock Root: Curly Dock root is used to tonify the gall bladder and liver. The main uses of the curly dock plant today would be for food since the leaves, stalk, and the seeds are all edible. Curly dock is a two-year plant. The sparrow chef has yellow dock bread. The seeds of curly dock were once roasted and used as a coffee substitute. But I do find the flavor tart and earthy. The leaves are fairly thick and the stems can get a tinge of red, especially in cold weather. Do you know why it is not recommended for pregnant women? The herb has a long history of medicinal applications. You have successfully joined our subscriber list. Curly dock is primarily used for its extensive medicinal purposes; however, it is sometimes consumed for culinary purposes. The anthraquinones in curly dock can cause dependency, so the use of the herb as a laxative should be temporary and not a long-term solution for constipation. I’ll have to cruise around your site for a bit. This oily preparation can be applied topically for treating rheumatism. I’m not sure about lemony, maybe my taste buds are weird. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. .. amzn_assoc_design = "in_content";
These leaves are not as bitter. Poor digestion1 2. The self-reliance challenge sounds fun! It is reputed to taste similar to buckwheat, another related plant. Ditches, roadsides, wetlands, pastures, agronomic crop fields (especially those in perennial crops like alfalfa), orchards, disturbed, unmanaged sites, and disturbed m… We would drive to the back roads through swampy areas to park, then trudge out into the marsh in our barn boots to gather the tender leaves. Do you like getting dirt under your fingernails? The young leaves are good chopped and added to salads. This Site Uses Cookies… The Self Sufficient HomeAcre is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for me to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. Rumex crispus.L, (Evelik), Curly dock, is very useful medicinal plant in Kars region of Turkey and cures catching-winter cold. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. When applied topically, a decoction of the roots can help relieve skin sores. How to Make Money and Save Money on Your Homestead. Thank you very much, Frank! I think that you take the self reliance challenge to a new level! Traditionally, curly dock roots were used as a remedy against intestinal parasites, and various parts of the plant were also prescribed to treat rheumatism, jaundice, and scurvy. Curly dock has oxalic acid in it and should be eaten in moderation. I am planning to try making a tincture from the root, as described in the Survival Sherpa article I linked to. I added a little salt and a vinaigrette dressing, but I’m sure it would be good with just vinegar and salt. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Seeds are usually sown 1/4 inch (0.6 cm) deep, with as little as 8 inches (20 cm) of distance between each plant. Native Americans reportedly used the seeds in flour and meal; they cooked a mush from the seeds, but only in times of need. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. I ended up putting them in the blender - I suspect a pile of the chaff got mixed in with the flour. Rumex is the Latin word for docks, and "dock" itself derives from the Old English docce, which may be translated as "a dark colored plant." The flavor is often described as lemony. Blanch leaves for 1 minute, cool, and freeze or dehydrate and store in a cool, dry, dark place until ready to use. WM Cook writes 'Yellow-dock root is an alterative of the slowly relaxing and stimulating class, leaving behind a mild tonic impression that is sometimes classed as astringent. amzn_assoc_asins = "1451656203,030795661X";
. Curly dock has twice as much myricetin as broad beans or onions, six times that of red wine, and about eighteen times that of black tea. It is a bitter tonic, astringent, gentle laxative, and alterative. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The greater portion of its power is expended upon the skin; but the gall-ducts, small intestines, and … Botanical Name: Rumex crispus. I’ve read several comments that curly dock roots may be eaten as a substitute for potatoes, but I’m pretty sure that they don’t taste the same. Herb: Curled Dock Latin name: Rumex crispus Synonyms: Rumex elongatus Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Curled Dock: Curled dock has a long history of domestic herbal use. However, curly dock can also be cultivated in a back yard or home garden, in order to take advantage of its medicinal benefits. amzn_assoc_linkid = "cb7ce61c68c9eb3df3234d89c728f6b1";
Curly Dock . sour dock. It is now found in most places including the United States and southern Canada. amzn_assoc_region = "US";
The leaves may be chopped, cooked, and added to tomato sauce, pasta, in a filling for ravioli, or in gnocchi. This site uses cookies from Google to deliver its services, to personalize ads and to analyze traffic. It is found throughout California up to an elevation of 8200 feet (2500 m). Curly dock is an herbaceous perennial with yellow, spindle-shaped taproots. Plants may be poisonous to livestock when ingested in quantity. It is a member of the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae. The papery seeds and flower stalk mature to a reddish brown in late summer and are easy to spot in the landscape. Small warning: curly dock has oxalic acid, and should be avoided by people with rheumatoid arthritis and kidney or liver problems, more on that below. Use them raw or cooked. One source lists it as safe but I would do a lot of research before eating if pregnant. Information about your use of this site is shared with Google. Hailing from Europe and widely distributed around the world, curly dock - also known as yellow dock - is now considered as an aggressive weed; however, it has a long history of medicinal applications that are still valued by herbalists. Thank you for this article, Lisa! They should not be taken for long period of time because the body can grow dependent on them for bowel movements, and the herb may increase the risk of kidney stones. Description. The sour stems provide a tasty trail nibble. The author lives outside of Chicago with her husband, son, 2 dogs, 1 cat, and a variety of poultry. Foraging Dock Seeds ~ Wild Foraged Flour. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Hi Lisa, thanks for sharing our link in your fine article! Cooked up as greens in a pot of boiling water, curly dock leaves remind me very much of the flavor of marsh marigold, which my family called cow slips. However you eat spinach – do the same for these greens. Happy to share, ShawnaLee! It is noted for attracting wildlife. Syrup. This ugly weed is curly dock, and when the plant is in its mature reddish-brown phase, it isn’t dead; in fact, curly dock can seem nearly impossible to kill. Many people consider curly dock to be a weed, and some people consider it to be a nuisance because of its toxicity to animals. This remedy can be taken for the relief of constipation. amzn_assoc_region = "US";
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Decoction. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Thank you for supporting The Self Sufficient HomeAcre! It's based on pharmacological records, scientific research, traditional knowledge, and historical data. Yellow Dock or Curled Dock (Rumex crispus) This native of Europe is found along roadsides, fields, and waste ground throughout U.S. and southern Canada (Gleason and Cronquist, 1996). I haven’t tried eating the seeds of curly dock yet. The root and fruits are used as medicine. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0";
Cooked. You could check in the center of the rosette for new leaves. Curly dock grows in a wide variety of habitats, from open fields to transition areas where it gets direct sunlight only part of the day. Curly dock plants are ubiquitous in the wild and it is quite easy to come across them in fields, gardens, and roadsides. What is yellow dock? They will have a slimy texture…this is good. Curly dock grows best in cool, wet climates, and prefers deep, moist clay soil. Before you eat any wild plants, make sure you have identified them correctly and you’re preparing them properly. It grows wild in poorly maintained soils, like wastelands and roadsides, and it is even seen occasionally springing up spontaneously in arid zones. Curly dock (also known as yellow dock, sour dock, and butter dock, as well as other names) is one of the first wild greens ready to harvest in spring. . The root of curly dock is yellow and intensely bitter. Capsules. You will not pay any extra for these products. Thousand Wishes has Curly dock seeds flour bread. Lisa Lombardo is the author of The Beginner's Guide to Backyard Homesteading and she writes about gardening and homesteading for this website and The New Homesteader's Almanac. And I had some of the curly dock greens mixed with stinging nettle with dinner. Rumex longifolius – Yard dock, door yard dock or northern dock, this species looks very similar to curly dock, but the flavor is considerably more bitter. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart";
I’m always interested in natural medicines from the wild. Simply processed syrups and tincture, as well as curly dock supplements can be found in specialized health stores and online retailers. Curly dock is also known as yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, sour dock, yaller dock, curled dock, Bitter Dock, Bloodwort, Coffee-weed, Garden-patience, Narrowdock, Out-sting and Winter Dock. Ardahan and Kars have very harsh winter and temperature drups -35C in winter. curly dock, Rumex crispus Reducing inflammation. Curly dock (Rumex crispus), also known as sour dock, yellow dock, narrowleaf dock, or curled dock, is a perennial weed native to Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.Curly dock was introduced into the U.S., possibly arriving as a seed contaminant in the early 1600’s when the British brought crops and cattle to New England 1. For information about preparing curly dock root for potential medicinal uses, check out How to Harvest, Prepare, and Use Yellow Dock Root Medicinally by Survival Sherpa. Yellow dock is more wide-ranging. The dried and ground roots of curly dock can be inserted into gelatin capsules to be taken orally in medicinal doses, avoiding the particular taste of the herb, for treating constipation. The main compounds behind curly dock's health benefits are anthraquinones and flavonoids. However, the plant is valued by herbalists, who use its roots and leaves in supplements and various medicinal preparations.

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